The Arrival of the Congo People in Liberia: A Historical Overview

The story of the Congo people being dropped off in Liberia is tied to the broader history of the transatlantic slave trade and efforts to suppress it in the 19th century. Here is an overview:

1. Abolition and Anti-Slave Trade Patrols: After the abolition of the slave trade by Britain in 1807 and by the United States in 1808, both nations began patrolling the West African coast to intercept illegal slave ships. The British Royal Navy and the American Navy captured many of these ships.

2. Liberia’s Founding: Liberia was established by the American Colonization Society (ACS) in the early 19th century as a place to resettle freed African Americans. The first group of settlers arrived in 1822. The capital, Monrovia, was named after U.S. President James Monroe.

3. Liberated Africans: When illegal slave ships were intercepted, their captives, often referred to as “recaptives” or “liberated Africans,” needed a place to go. Liberia became a key resettlement location. The British and American navies would bring these freed Africans to Liberia.

4. Congo People: Many of the Africans who were freed and brought to Liberia were originally from the Congo River basin. They became known as “Congo people” in Liberia. Over time, this term expanded to include not just those from the Congo region but also other liberated Africans from various parts of West Africa.

5. Integration into Liberian Society: The Congo people were integrated into Liberian society, which was already composed of African American settlers, indigenous African tribes, and other groups. This integration was complex, with various social, cultural, and political dynamics at play. Over time, the Congo people and their descendants became an integral part of the Liberian social fabric.



This story reflects the intertwined histories of the transatlantic slave trade, colonialism, and the formation of new African identities and communities in the 19th century.

A list of the countries you can visit visa-free with an ECOWAS passport

An ECOWAS passport grants you visa-free travel to other member states within the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).  Here’s a list of the countries you can visit visa-free with an ECOWAS passport:

* Benin 

Benin Flag


* Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso Flag


* Cape Verde

Cape Verde Flag


* Côte d’Ivoire

Ivory Coast Flag


* The Gambia

The Gambia Flag


* Ghana

Ghana Flag


* Guinea

Guinea Flag


* Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau Flag


* Liberia

Liberia Flag


* Mali

Mali Flag


* Niger

Niger Flag


* Nigeria

Nigeria Flag


* São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé & Principe Flag


* Senegal

Senegalese Flag


* Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone Flag


* Togo 

Togo Flag



It’s important to note that while you don’t need a visa to enter these countries, you may still be required to have other documentation, such as proof of onward travel and sufficient funds.  Be sure to check with the embassy or consulate of the country you plan to visit for the latest entry requirements.

Challenger Astronauts Alive? We Demand New Investigation!

Left with no recourse after being blocked by NASA’s public affairs officer, I brought my concerns regarding the Challenger disaster to the Brevard County Commissioners.

Halfway through my speech the Chairman of the board decided my request was not relevant to their jurisdiction and had myself and a couple others removed by police for challenging him.

I simply wanted the board to stand in solidarity with me in demanding the Senate subcommittee on space science open a new investigation into the Challenger disaster.

See full analysis on the astronauts found alive including Judith Resnik and Michael J Smith questioned on camera in hibbeler_productions film, ‘Level With Me’.

Shaping the Camarilla Mask™: Roughing Out the Contours

Before diving into those intricate details, start by focusing on the overall shape of your wood mask. Use larger gouges to carve out the basic curves of the face – the rise of the cheekbones, the slope of the nose, the hollow of the eyes.

Think of it like sculpting with clay – you’re establishing the main features first.  Pay attention to symmetry and proportions. Remember, wood is forgiving! You can always remove more, but adding it back is tricky.

https://vm.tiktok.com/ZMMSDLnA3/

#camarillamaskacademy

Ksmarala Dyuu™ Tekpwfari Starkraft Masktape Intro

“בית הכוכבים”

The knowledge is not set down explicitly in books but is embodied in the מסכה itself. In essence מסכה is in a nature of a divine rite meant to instill in the beholder an understanding of creation and creative power. The face of the מסכה is that of Ancestral Man and Woman. Man before slavery and the perfected man/ woman. One who has regained his cosmic consciousness through his or her own method…

Celestial Mask Intelligence @Tekpwfari Stix El Ra

Ksmarala Dyuu™ Tekpwfari Starkraft Masktape Intro

Sources:

Cissé, Youssouf. “Sogo Sigi: Une esthétique des masques Dogon.” (2008).

Griaule, Marcel. “Conversations with Ogotemmeli: An Introduction to Dogon Religious Ideas.” (1965).

Davis, Stephen. “Reggae Bloodlines: In Search of the Music and Culture.” (1978). Chapter 8: “Burning Spear: The Fire Still Burns.”

The Controversial History of Matilda Newport: Assault on Monrovia

Matilda Newport, also known as Matilda Spencer before her marriage, was a figure in Liberian history whose legacy is complex and debated. Here’s a summary of what we know:

Biography:

* Born in the United States around 1795, possibly in Georgia.
* Married Thomas Spencer and immigrated to Liberia in 1820 with the American Colonization Society, settling in Cape Mesurado.
* Remarried Ralph Newport in 1825 after her first husband’s death.
* Died in 1837 in Monrovia.

The Legend:

* The legend surrounding Matilda Newport claims that she single-handedly defended Cape Mesurado from an attack by indigenous Dei people in 1822, using a cannon she lit with her pipe.
* This story was popularized in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming a symbol of the Americo-Liberian settlers’ resilience and dominance.

Historical Controversy:

* Much of the story surrounding Matilda Newport’s actions during the 1822 conflict is disputed by historians.(Dr. Amos Sawyer, Joseph Saye Guannu, Tékpwfárí Stix El Rá, Wilmot Blyden and the father of Liberian history E.J. Roye)
* Evidence suggests she was not present at the battle and maybe her husband Thomas Spencer played a significant role in the defense.
* The narrative of a single hero overshadows the contributions of other participants and ignores the complexities of the conflict.

Legacy:

* Matilda Newport Day was celebrated as a national holiday in Liberia from 1916 to 1980, commemorating her supposed heroism.
* The holiday was abolished due to its historical inaccuracies and its contribution to tensions between Americo-Liberians and indigenous Liberians.

By understanding the nuances and controversies surrounding Matilda Newport, we can engage in a more informed and critical discussion about Liberian history and its impact on present-day realities.

Matilda Newport’s story is a reminder of the importance of critically examining historical narratives and recognizing their potential biases. While she may have been a real person who immigrated to Liberia, the legend surrounding her actions is largely inaccurate and contributes to a problematic understanding of the country’s history.

Liberia Legal System

The legal system in the Republic of Liberia is a dual one, combining elements of both statutory law and customary law:

Statutory Law: The modern sector of Liberia’s legal system is based on Anglo-American Common Law. This system relies on written statutes and legal precedents established by court decisions. It governs various aspects of contemporary legal matters.


Customary Law: For the indigenous people of Liberia, customary law plays a significant role. It is based on unwritten customary practices that have been passed down through generations. Customary law encompasses traditional norms, rituals, and community practices.
Notably, Liberia’s legal framework also includes provisions related to intellectual property and the protection of traditional cultural expressions within its Constitution.

Liberia has adopted two Constitutions since its foundation. The first was the 1847 Constitution which was suspended on April 12, 1980, following the coup d’etat which overthrew the presidency of H. E. William R. Tolbert, Jr.
The second Constitution replaced the Liberia constitution of 1847 which was approved and adopted by a National Referendum on July 3, 1984.

As the fundamental law of the Republic of Liberia, the Constitution defines the structure of the Government of Liberia, the rights and duties of the country’s citizens, its mode of passing laws and specifies the principle of separation and balance of the legislative, executive and judicial powers.

The legislative power is vested in the Legislature, which consists of two separate houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives (Art. 29).
The executive power is vested in the President, who is the Head of State, Head of Government and Commander–in–Chief of the Armed Forces of Liberia (Art. 50).
The judicial power is vested in a Supreme Court and subordinated courts (Art. 65).

The Constitution contains provisions concerning intellectual property on the protection of traditional cultural expressions. It protects the right to preserve foster and maintain the positive Liberian culture, values and character (Art. 27. b.).
The Constitution also guarantees the freedom of expression (Art 15. b), the right of private property (Art. 22. a) which can be extended to the intellectual property rights.

Enhancing Development in Liberia

“The failure to integrate indigenous knowledge into the Western educational system adopted in Liberia denies Liberians a potentially expansive knowledge base for solving problems. Indigenous methods of child rearing and socialization, for example, are not sufficiently informing academic studies and training programs relevant to nurturing children; nor has the study of indigenous institutions of governance been incorporated into the study of political science or public administration. As a result, the impact of indigenous patterns of authority relations on the nurturing of children as citizens is hardly ever considered as part of the intellectual inquiry of institutions of learning. The fact that the very concept of citizenship varies from ethnic community to ethnic community has implications for the conception of Liberian citizenship generally. These have not been fully explored. Thus, there is a compelling need to provide a more organized and systematic explanation of local knowledge and practices and to incorporate these into the framework of an appropriate educational and training program if the educational system of Liberia is to serve as an effective agent in nurturing citizens and generating knowledge to enhance development.”

Excerpt from “Beyond Plunder” by Dr. Amos C. Sawyer

Interim President of the Republic of Liberia

Camarilla Masktape Volume II

Gúlá Má Sálè

Gúlá Má Sálè
Follow this Masktape as it delves into development with the Camarilla Mask™ curator Tékpwfárí Stix El Rá. Consider the changes happening internationally as well as within the Afrotropical region concerning West African Mask most expecially from Liberia and Sierra Leone, respectively.

Research Materials provided by the

aaro.mil
Kofi Annan Foundation
Star and Shield Clothing
Tim Butcher Podcast
University of Liberia.
Encyclopedia of the 16 Tribes®